Common varieties of herbs

Here is a directory of the most popular herbal varieties.

Legend

A = Annual | P = Perennial

NAME
LATIN NAME

Type

 Height  Width Note
Basil ‘Genovese’
Ocimum basilicum ‘Genovese’

A

60

30-45

Italian type. Rich soil, well ventilated, drained, warm and sunny. Cut the flowers. Also for potted cultivation.
Basil ‘Mammouth’
Ocimum basilicum ‘Mammouth’

A

30-60

30

Cultivar with very large leaves. Rich, moist and slightly acidic soil.
Basil ‘Purple Ruffles’
Ocimum basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’

A

60

30

Purple leaves. Nip the stems to obtain a very branched plant. Grows well in a big pot.
German chamomile
Matricaria recutita

A

40-60

20

Well drained soil, full sunshine.
Chervil
Anthriscus cereifolium

A

30-50

20

Make several sowings in the season … Rich and moist soil. In the semi-shade.
Chive
Allium schoenoprasum

P

30

25

Divide often and produce small clumps. This avoids the smell of mold.
Garlic chive
Allium tuberosum

P

45

30

Divide often. Soil with a slightly acidic pH. Rich compost.
Coriander
Coriandrum sativum

A

45-50

25-30

Fertile soil, well drained and light. Keep moist enough, must not run out of water. Re-sow often. Fears the heat. Supports a light shade during the summer period.
Vietnamese coriander
Polygonum odoratum

AP

30-50

40-60

In rich, moist soil and in partial shade. Prune often for good branching. Much more heat resistant than coriander.
Garden cress
Lepidium sativum

A

10-15

15

Cultivated like all young shoots. Practice successive sowing every 2 weeks. It is consumed as soon as the seedling measures 5 cm.
French terragon
Artemisia dracunculus

P

100

50-60

Hardy, but fragile. It sometimes needs winter protection. Russian tarragon is much hardier, but less fragrant.
Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare

A

150

40-100

Deep soil, rich in organic matter, limestone pH. After flowering, cut the umbels so that the seeds do not invade your garden.
Curry
Helichrysum angustifolium

AP

20-40

20-40

Although not easy, this plant can be cut and kept indoors if there is a lot of light.
Bay leaf
Laurus nobilis

P

40-150

20-100

Bring it indoors in the fall and place it in front of a very well-lit window. Cool temperature. Wash the leaves. Can reach 1 to 2 m after a few years.
Lavender
Lavandula angustifolia

P

30-75

30-45

Rather poor, light and calcareous soil, but especially in full sun. It is not a perennial, but a sub-shrub. So, practice a slight pruning by reducing 20 to 30% of the year’s wood. Cover the soil with a good mulch (20 cm).
Lovage
Levisticum officinalis

P

150-200

100

In rich and moist soils. Perennial and hardy, for cultivation in the ground. Becomes a big plant.
Marjoram
Origanum majorana

P

25

25

Rich, well ventilated, drained, warm and sunny, a slightly calcareous soil. Supports a little dryness, like other oregano.
Peppermint
Mentha piperita

P

40-60

40-60

  

Rich, moist soil and in a sunny or shady place. Very invasive plant to control. Its flavor is spicy.
Gold oregano
Origanum vulgare ‘Aureum’

P

20

35

Supports dry, well-drained soils. More interesting for landscaping than for cooking.
Greek oregano
Origanum vulgare hirtum

P

30

40

  

Accommodates poor, calcareous and well drained soil. But like most aromatic plants, its flavor will be stronger if the soil is rich.
Curled parsley
Petroselinum crispum

BP

30

30

  

Rich, well ventilated, drained, but moist and slightly acidic soil. Parsley is a biennial, so it will flower the second year. Generally, it is grown as an annual.
Italian parsley
Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum

BP

60

45

  

Rich, well ventilated, drained, but moist and slightly acidic soil. Parsley is a biennial, meaning it will flower the second year. Generally, it is grown as an annual.
Rosemary
Rosmarinus officinalis

p

30-100

30-75

Requires light, rich, drained, slightly moist and acidic soil. Must be put indoors in the fall in a cool and well-lit room. Spray water on the leaves, often.
Summer savory
Satureja hortensis

A

30

30

Rich, well ventilated, drained, but moist and slightly calcareous soil.
Winter savory
Satureja montana

p

15-40

30-40

Rich, well ventilated, drained, but wet and slightly calcareous soil. Hardy, will resist winter snow-covered.
Tricolor sage
Salvia officinalis ‘Tricolor’

p

30-60

30-60

Poor, calcareous and well drained soil. Fears cold and humidity. Requires winter protection.
Stevia
Stevia rebaudiana

A

40-100

30-50

In rich soil but that does not hold water too much. Does not tolerate lack or excess of water. To monitor.
Common thyme
Thymus vulgaris

p

30

30

Poor, calcareous and well drained soils. Fears cold and humidity. However, plants stemming from seedlings, often called English thyme, are more resistant to our winters.
Lemon thyme
Thymus citriodorus

p

10

30

Poor, calcareous and well drained soils. Fears cold and humidity. Thymes stemming from cuttings, like so-called French thymes, do not always resist winter.
Lemon verbena
Aloysia triphylla

A

45-150

30-60

In a big pot with very rich and quite wet soil. remove the flowers. Prune. Place the plant near a door so that when brushed against, its oil will protect you from mosquito bites.