Tips on growing berries

Growing berries is not as widespread as for herbs and vegetables. In order to help you in their cultivation, we have prepared an effective little guide with practical tips on planting and maintaining the most common berries.

NAMES

TIPS AND CULTIVATION TIPS

LOWBUSH AND HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY

 

Planting tips
Lowbush blueberries are planted deeply by pushing the stem 5 to 7 cm deep, which favors the formation of rhizomes. Four plants will easily cover 1 m2 and more. While highbush blueberries will occupy a 1 m2 depending on the variety.Maintenance
To have a successful blueberry field, you need a soil with a pH of 4.5 (maximum 5.5), which is obtained with a mixture of peat and sand.

EVERBEARING STRAWBERRY TREE

Planting tips
Generally strawberry bushes should be grown in large pots and fertilized regularly throughout the summer.Maintenance
In the fall, they must be planted, with a good mulch or sheltered in a place protected by snow. Mulch on the ground and a protective cloth will keep them for the next year. They like magnesium and iron.

COMMON STRAWBERRY TREE

Planting tips
Make a small raised bed so that spring snowmelt drains quickly. Be careful, do not bury the neck during transplantation. Strawberries can be planted on a plastic mulch, which simplifies maintenance. The spacing distance is 45 to 60 cm on the row. Renew the plants every 4 to 5 years.Maintenance
Take advantage of Halloween to buy straw that you will spread on the strawberry bushes when the soil is at -5 ° C. You can also use leaves.

RASPBERRY BUSH

Planting tips
It is best to prepare the ground the year before planting so that the soil is well weeded. Weeds and raspberry bushes do not mix well. A plant is used about every 50 cm. It is necessary to wait 2 to 3 years for a good harvest.Maintenance
Pruning is simple; after the harvest, all the stems that produced fruits are removed at ground level. Then, only a maximum of ten new shoots per linear meter are kept. Bring 10 to 15 cm of compost to the soil in the fall, this will protect the roots and control the weeds.

CURRANT, REDCURRANT AND GOOSEBERRY

Note It takes 3 years for a good harvest.

Maintenance
Pruning is only to remove old branches and badly placed branches by setting them back as close to the ground as possible. If you do not dare to do it, then it’s best not to cut anything. Planting from 1 m to 1.50 m in all directions.

BLACKBERRY TREE

Planting tips
Blackberry trees without thorns are fragile and if it is injured, the main stem then emits new shoots full of thorns. Space must be provided because the stems can grow several meters in a season.Maintenance
To obtain a strong harvest, do not cut the stems and protect them from winter cold. The flowers appear on the previous year’s wood.
RHUBARB Planting tips
Rhubarb does not like to be moved. Well transplanted, it grows quickly if it does not run out of water. It divides in the month of September. Must be rejuvenated every 7 to 10 years.Maintenance
It supports partial shade, but prefers full sun. It is sometimes recommended to cut the flower stalk, but this is not necessary if the plant is well fertilized and watered.

GRAPEVINE

Planting tips
Walls or pergolas exposed to the east and south are favorable for the installation of grape vines. They must first be attached, then the branches will take possession of the trellis. The cultivar ‘Eona’ lends itself well as a permanent cover plant on a pergola. The shade-creating vine will bring freshness and unparalleled aesthetic quality. It will produce a few grapes (exposed to winter cold, several buds will be destroyed without compromising the vine’s growth of the). But for a larger production, we must ensure that the plant can be lying on the ground to receive a slight winter protection.Maintenance
Spring pruning: The idea is to keep the new stems that sprouted the previous year and reinstall them, without reducing them. As for the stems that carried grapes, they will be set back close to the ground at the second eye. From this place one or two vigorous growths will become the fruit-bearing stems, which in turn will be set back at the second eye. It must be remembered that the clusters are born on the stems that grew the previous year. Severe pruning eliminates any chance of harvest.

Summer pruning: when the young clusters are formed, at the end of June, beginning of July, the length of the shoots carrying grapes is reduced. Only keep 2 clusters then the next 2 leaves. Cut the stem between the second and third leaf. The idea is to control the vegetation. This operation must be renewed before the ripening of the clusters. Under no circumstances will new stems that do not bear clusters be reduced.