The horticultural calendar allows you to better plan your gardening season!

Select your hardiness zone then navigate month by month to get a checklist of general maintenance items to remember!

  • April

    April

    Tips and tricks

    • Prune rosebushes by ideally favoring a bud that points outward to let in light and for better ventilation.
    • Let the snow melt naturally.
    • The vegetable garden soil should not be deeply worked, because the micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought.
    • If you want to walk around on the lawn or in the flowerbeds and the soil is still too wet, use wooden planks, the weight will be better distributed and therefore less compaction.

    General maintenance

    • Clean and prepare gardening tools.
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition.
    • Collect dead leaves on the ground and in flowerbeds.
    • Visit your nearest Passion Jardins merchant at the beginning of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products!

    Work – beginning of April

    • Untie shrubs.
    • Cut dead, broken or diseased limbs.
    • Repair sections damaged by frost and snow.
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses.
    • Prepare the peony brackets.
    • Make indoor seedlings for edible flowers, vegetables and herbs.
    • Plant some annuals like cosmos, impatiens, zinnias and snapdragons (ask about them in the garden center).
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements.

    Work – mid-April

    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses and hardwood hedges as needed.
    • Remove winter protection and snow fences without removing the rosebush cones.
    • Untie shrub roses.
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses.
    • Prepare the peony brackets.
    • Make indoor seedlings of edible flowers, vegetables and herbs.
    • For earlier flowering, start in pots indoors, summer bulbs such as cannas, tuberous begonias, dahlias, crocosmias, sword lilies, etc.
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements.
    • Prepare the mower and grass trimmer.

    Work – end of April

    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses, and hardwood hedges as needed.
    • Remove winter protection, snow fences and rosebush cones.
    • Transplant trees and shrubs before leaves appear.
    • Treat trees and shrubs prone to insect infestations with dormancy oil.
    • Buy and plant roses, trees and bare-rooted shrubs.
    • Roll ground-covering plants.
    • Transplant or divide some perennials when the soil is thawed with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost.
    • Gently hoe the soil on the surface to let air and water circulate (be careful not to compact the soil).
    • Prune the vines.
    • For earlier flowering, start in pots indoors, summer bulbs such as cannas, tuberous begonias, dahlias, crocosmias, sword lilies, etc.
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements.
    • Apply dormancy oil before the buds open.
    • Remove leaves and waste from the surface of the water.
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly.
    • Buy cleaning products for the season.
  • May

    May

    Tips and tricks

    • The lily leaf beetles are back, remove them by hand or use neem oil (Neem); monitor the appearance of their little scarlet eggs under the leaves.
    • Do not water your lawn too early, so the roots will be much deeper and more drought resistant.
    • Gradually take your houseplants outdoors at the end of the month.

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves on the ground and in flowerbeds.
    • Have a soil analysis done and correct if necessary.
    • Clean and prepare gardening tools.
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition.
    • Remove winter protection, snow fences and rosebush cones.
    • Visit the nearest Passion Jardins garden center at the start of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products.
    • Loosen the soil and add sea compost to the flowerbeds and around the plants.
    • Securely attach supports and stakes for climbers.
    • Add cedar mulch in and around flowerbeds to maintain good moisture.

    Work – beginning of May

    • Apply, if necessary, dormancy oil to control winter insects (crab apple, rose bushes, plum trees, etc.).
    • Transplant using mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix.
    • Plant trees and shrubs and evergreens with mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix (for those with bare roots, proceed before bud break).
    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses and hardwood hedges as needed.
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees.
    • Check climbers’ supports and stakes.
    • Cover the foot of clematis with cedar mulch.
    • Weed and hoe as needed.
    • Check climbers’ supports and stakes.
    • Divide and transplant perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost.
    • For earlier flowering, start in pots indoors, summer bulbs such as cannas, tuberous begonias, dahlias, crocosmias, sword lilies, etc.
    • Sow a few annuals indoors such as cosmos, impatiens, zinnias and snapdragons.
    • Remove suckers and side shoots.
    • Apply, if needed, a mixture of dormancy oil and sulphurous spray to control wintering insects.
    • Prune before the buds open.
    • Apply sea compost and mulch to the base.
    • Delicately rake when the snow is melted.
    • Remove leaves and waste from the surface of the water.
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the pool.
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly.

    Work – mid-May

    • Plant some violets in the garden, they love the cold.
    • Delicately rake when the snow is melted.
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds, such as crabgrass and dandelion, from germinating (caution: gluten meal inhibits germination of grass seed).
    • Buy cleaning products for the season.
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the pool.
    • Remove dead leaves, algae or other debris from the surface of the water and at the bottom of the basin.
    • Clean the border plants.

    Work – end of May

    • Weed and hoe as needed
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using a planting mix.
    • Divide and transplant perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Place the peony brackets
    • Plant some violets in the garden, they love the cold
    • Make a first mowing at a height of 6-8 cm
    • Leave clippings on the lawn (grass cycling)
    • Sow or install grass sod and using lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations (note: gluten flour inhibits seed germination)
    • Stubble plough
    • Air every 2 to 3 years
    • Put soil mixture using sea compost
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Adjust the water to the correct height
    • Turn on the basin
  • June

    June

    Tips and tricks

    • Work and hoe the soil a few days after the rain to break the crust; the water will then be better absorbed
    • Weeding is much easier the day after a good rain; the soil is more malleable and the roots are more easily removed

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Spread natural mulch in flowerbeds, around trees and in areas that are more difficult to access
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn at 8 cm in height as needed
    • Practice grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plan trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens and evergreen plants (especially hedges)
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using a planting mix
    • If necessary, divide and transplant late-flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Install the peony brackets
    • Gently hoe the surface
    • Transplant cold-sensitive vegetables using planting mix and sea compost
    • Sow and complete your vegetable garden according to the temperature
    • Stake tomato plants at the planting
    • Plant and sow cold-sensitive herbs
    • Trim the borders of flower beds
    • Seed damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Aerate and put topdressing with sea compost to prevent worm infestations and hairy chinch bugs
    • Fertilize with a mineral lawm fertilizer. (We recommend Passion Jardins’ step # 2)
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Fertilize water lilies and lotuses
    • Add bacteria once a week

    Work – mid-June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer  and a planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens (especially hedges)
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using a container mix
    • If necessary, divide and transplant late-flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Install stakes for tall perennials
    • Plant annuals and summer bulbs after risks of frost with a planting mix
    • Water spring bulbs (tulips, jonquils, etc.)
    • Remove wilted flowers and foliage from some bulbs
    • Transplant cold-sensitive vegetables with planting mix
    • Sow and complete your vegetable garden
    • Stake tomato plants at the planting
    • Plant berries purchased in pots using planting mix and sea compost
    • Plant and sow cold-sensitive herbs.
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Perform foliar fertilization with liquid algae
    • Weed the base
    • Trim the borders of flowerbeds
    • Seed damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Add bacteria once a week

    Work – end of June

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Prune evergreens (hedges and shrubs)
    • Irrigate evergreens (especially hedges)
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using a planting mix
    • If necessary, divide and transplant late-flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Trim the borders of flower bed
    • Seed damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Add bacteria once a week
    • Add floating and oxygenating plants
  • July

    July

    Tips and tricks

    • To increase the production of your herbs, harvest them frequently in small doses
    • No need to wait until the fall to start harvesting your herbs for preservation
    • Regularly harvest snow peas, beans, zucchini, cucumbers and cherry tomatoes to increase their production

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn at 8 cm in height as needed
    • Practice grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of July

    • Plant perennials purchased in containers with a planting mix in cloudy weather and water thoroughly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake large perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have flowered
    • Fertilize with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squashes, tomatoes and leeks with a natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Hang red balls covered with glue to trap the apple maggot (at eye level)
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flowerbeds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-July

    • Irrigate evergreens and evergreen plants
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens bought in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake high bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of July

    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries and raspberries
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Reseed snap peas, spinach, winter radish, lettuce and kale
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • August

    August

    Tips and tricks

    • Sow winter vegetables such as carrots, turnips, radishes, spinach and lettuce
    • Place a wooden board under your creeping vegetables to protect them from pests and rot
    • It is not necessary to wait until late in the fall to start harvesting and preserving herbs.
    • To keep unwanted animals out of the garden, apply small amounts of ground-blood meal, hair or animal hair or chicken manure around plants and between rows.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Open new flowerbeds
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Mow the lawn regularly at about 8 to 10 cm in height
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season

    Work – beginning August

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrubbery hedges
    • Prune flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Remove wilted flowers from rosebushes
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squashes, tomatoes and leeks with natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Remove tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Protect seedlings when there is a risk of ground frost
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils. Treat as needed
    • Hang red balls covered with glue to trap the apple maggot (at eye level)
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-August

    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide using a planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Check climbers’ supports
    • Move or divide peonies
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stem tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Divide and transplant strawberry plants
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Remove tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Sow spinach, radishes and lettuce for fall harvest
    • Protect seedlings when there is a risk of ground frost
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers ant side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds (cherry tree and vine)
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Reseed, sow, or lay grass sod
    • Check for signs of white grubs that are preparing for spawning
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of August

    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide using a planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Plan the purchase of your spring flowering bulbs
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetable
    • Remove the raspberry stems that have borne fruit
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Remove buds from tomatoes to avoid plant exhaustion
    • Protect seedlings when there is a risk of ground frost
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Apply lawn fertilizer (We recommend Passion Jardins mineral lawm fertilizer Step # 3)
    • Reseed, sow, using seed for sun or shade
    • Install grass sod
    • Treat with nematodes when there are white grubs
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds from sprouting
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • September

    September

    Tips and tricks

    • When there is a risk of frost on the ground (occasional at this time of year) water your garden abundantly in the evening. A protective screen will be formed around the plants that will reduce the damage caused by the cold.
    • Take advantage of the fall sales by visiting the Passion Jardins garden center nearest you.
    • Start cleaning your garden tools before winter storage.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Spread 3 to 5 cm of sea compost in the flowerbeds
    • Mulch new plantings with cedar mulch
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season
    • Drain the garden irrigation system
    • Visit the Passion Jardins garden center nearest to purchase your winter protection

    Work – beginning of September

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune hedges and shrubs (except those that flower very early in the spring)
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant, divide, or transplant purchased perennials with planting mix on a cloudy day. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Water the annuals in pots.
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Plant fall annuals such as chrysanthemums and decorative cabbages
    • Remove and put non-hardy bulbs indoors
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Set back the raspberries canes that have borne fruit
    • Plant or divide strawberries
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots and flowers
    • Plant the leeks for a spring harvest
    • Plant the garlic
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils. Treat as needed
    • Harvest
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Stop fertilization and bacteria
    • Compost floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Stop feeding the fish

    Work – mid-September

    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Divide and transplant the perennials using planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut wilted flowers and faded foliage
    • Check climbers’ supports
    • Set back climbers as needed
    • Water the potted annuals
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Remove and put non-hardy bulbs indoors
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots and flowers
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Harvest
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Move the water lilies to the deepest section of the basin
    • Winterize fragile lotus and plants indoors
    • Install a net to prevent leaves from falling into the basin

    Work – end of September

    • Clean the soil at the foot of the rosebushes to limit the spread of disease
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Tie erect shrubs and evergreens
    • Spread sea compost at the base
    • Cut wilted flowers and foliage
    • Divide and transplant as needed with a planting mix
    • Set back irises, daylilies and plantain-lilies
    • Prune climbers as needed
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers and withered annuals
    • Buy and plant spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove and put non-hardy bulbs indoors
    • Harvest most vegetables that are fragile in the cold
    • Harvest fresh herbs for preservation
    • Protect more resistant vegetables from nocturnal frosts
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruit
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease the height of the mowing and watering
    • Repair damaged areas, re-seed existing lawns or sow new plots using lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations
    • Remove the net before freezing
    • Close the basin
    • Turn off and clean the pump
  • October

    October

    Tips and tricks

    Warning! Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To facilitate the installation of winter protection, install stakes and snow fences before the ground freezes.
    • Avoid entirely setting back the perennials’ foliage, only cut the flower stems. The foliage will allow the accumulation of snow at the foot of the plants in winter. Under a cover of snow, the roots of perennials better tolerate the variations of temperature.
    • Garden soil should not be deeply worked, because micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought.
    • Caution! late planting of spring bulbs will result in late flowering in the spring.

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves
    • Improve flowerbeds and vegetable garden with sea compost
    • Clean and store tools
    • Take advantage of the latest sales offered by the Passion Jardins garden centers
    • Close the irrigation system at the beginning of the month
    • Check the weather for weather conditions and the risk of ground frost
    • Water and mix domestic compost

    Work – October

    • Install the posts for winter protection before frost
    • Install protective nets for evergreens
    • Set back and earth up the non-hardy rosebushes
    • Tie shrubs, roses and evergreens
    • Water coniferous and evergreen shrubs abundantly.
    • Spread sea compost at their base
    • Install winter protection after the first snowfall (end of October)
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings with a white plastic spiral
    • Perform a final pruning if needed (maple and birch)
    • Prune clematis and climbers as needed
    • Check the strength of the stakes for climbers
    • Set back floral stems (except grasses)
    • Prune iris, daylily and plantain-lily foliage
    • Weed and hoe one last time
    • Plant spring flowering bulbs
    • Empty the pots and prepare your winter arrangements
    • Remove the last annuals from the flowerbeds
    • Remove and store non-hardy bulbs
    • Harvest the last vegetables and herbs
    • Straw with a cedar mulch, vegetables and berries that remain in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.)
    • Tie raspberry stems
    • Spread 5 cm of sea compost all over the vegetable garden
    • Hoe on the surface
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruits
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Mow one last time at 5 cm height
    • Repair damaged areas with lawn seeds for sun or shade
    • Practice grass cycling
    • Remove the protective net before the risk of frost
    • Collect leaves on the surfaces
    • Install fish aerators
    • Clean and turn off the pump
    • Add water as needed
    • Lower the hardy plants to the bottom of the basin
  • November

    November

    Tips and tricks

    Warning! Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To prevent burns and frost damage, winter protection should not touch plant foliage and stems.
    • Snow is a natural insulator that protects plants from winter climatic variations. Under the snow, the temperature remains stable so it is recommended to install the winter protection such as canvases, jutes and rosebush cones after a good snowfall.

    General maintenance

    • Clean, disinfect and store tools
    • Pick up the last leaves
    • Water and mix domestic compost

    Work – November

    • Install winter protection after a good snowfall
    • Place rosebush cones after a good snowfall
    • Gather snow at the foot of evergreens
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Tie grasses
    • Protect fragile perennials with cedar mulch when the ground is frozen
    • Clean and store unused pots in winter
    • Plant the spring flowering bulbs (at the beginning of the month)
    • Mulch the vegetables and berries that are left in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.) with cedar mulch.
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruits
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the last dead leaves
    • Mow one last time at 5 cm
    • Check the operation of the aerator for fish
    • Collect leaves on the surface before freezing
  • April

    April

    Tips and tricks

    • Prune the roses by ideally favoring a bud that points outwards to allow light to enter and for better ventilation
    • Let the snow melt naturally
    • The vegetable garden soil should not be deeply worked, because micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought
    • If you want to walk around the lawn or in the flowerbeds and the soil is still too wet, use wooden planks, the weight will be better distributed so less compaction

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves on the ground and in flowerbeds
    • Have a soil analysis done and correct if necessary
    • Clean and prepare gardening tools
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Remove winter screens, snow fences and rosebush cones
    • Visit your nearest Passion Jardins garden center at the beginning of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products
    • Loosen the soil and add compost to the flowerbeds and around the plants
    • Securely attach supports and stakes for climbers
    • Add cedar mulch in and around flower beds to maintain good moisture

    Work – beginning of April

    • If necessary, apply dormancy oil to control winter insects (crab apples, roses, plum trees, etc.)
    • Untie shrubs
    • Cut dead, broken or diseased limbs
    • Repair sections damaged by frost and snow
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses
    • Prepare the peony brackets
    • Make indoor seedlings of edible flowers, some vegetables (peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) and herbs
    • Prune the vines before bud break
    • For earlier flowering, start in pots indoors, summer bulbs such as cannas, tuberous begonias, dahlias, crocosmias, sword lilies, etc.
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements
    • Sow indoors a few annuals like cosmos, impatiens, zinnias and snapdragons

    Work – mid-April

    • Transplant before bud break with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Plant bare-rooted trees, shrubs and evergreens using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses, and hardwood hedges as needed
    • Prune alders, oaks, honey locusts, ash trees, beeches, hydrangeas, mountain ash and linden trees before bud break
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • If rosebushes have been pitted with soil mixture or compost, remove immediately once thawed and spread around seedlings
    • Buy and plant bare root roses using a mineral planting fertilizer and a planting mix
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses
    • Prepare the peony brackets
    • Roll ground covering plants
    • Redefine border of flower beds
    • Set back the raspberry plants that produced the previous summer
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements
    • Apply a mixture of dormancy oil and sulfur spray
    • Prepare the mower and border trimmer
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly
    • Buy cleaning products for the season

    Work – end of April

    • Transplant before bud break with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots or bare roots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • If necessary, apply sulphurous spray to prevent fungal diseases such as scab and white grub (crab apple, rose, plum, etc.)
    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses, and hardwood hedges as needed
    • Prune alders, oaks, honey locust, ash trees, beeches, hydrangea, mountain ash and linden trees before bud break
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Buy and plant bare root roses using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix. Straighten and tie climbers
    • Make a first fertilization for trees and shrubs using mineral evergreen and deciduous tree fertilizer
    • If necessary, divide and transplant with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Plant perennials purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Roll ground covering plants
    • Redefine border of flower beds
    • Sow broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, peas and radishes on the outside and set back the raspberry plants that produced the previous summer.
    • Prepare planting areas by hoeing on the surface and incorporating sea compost
    • Divide and transplant perennial herbs using a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Plant some violets in the garden, they love the cold
    • Prune side shoots and suckers
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly
    • Buy cleaning products for the season
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the basin
    • Remove dead leaves, algae or other debris from the surface of the water and at the bottom of the basin
    • Clean the border plants
  • May

    May

    Tips and tricks

    • The lily leaf beetles are back, remove them by hand or use neem oil (Neem); monitor the appearance of their little scarlet eggs under the leaves
    • Do not water your lawn too early, the roots will be much deeper and more drought-resistant
    • Gradually put your houseplants outdoors at the end of the month

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Open new flower beds
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Loosen the soil and add sea compost to the flower beds and around the plants
    • Securely tie supports and stakes for climbers
    • Add cedar mulch in and around flower beds to maintain good moisture
    • Visit the nearest Passion Jardins garden center at the beginning of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products

    Work – beginning of May

    • Plant perennials purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Divide and transplant perennials as needed with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Cover the foot of clematis with cedar mulch
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds such as crabgrass and dandelion from germinating (caution: gluten meal inhibits grass seed germination)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Remove leaves and waste from the surface of the water
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the pool
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly

    Work – mid-May

    • Plant garlic and onion bulbs
    • Make small fruit and vegetable purchases at your nearest Passion Jardins garden center and plant after the last frost
    • Water new seedlings
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using planting mix and sea compost
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Treat as needed
    • Make a first mowing at a height of 6-8 cm
    • Leave clippings on the lawn (grass cycling)
    • Sow or install grass sod and use lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations (note: gluten meal inhibits seed germination)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Stubble plough
    • Air every 2 to 3 years
    • Put soil mixture with sea compost
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Adjust the water to the correct height
    • Turn on the basin

    Work – end of May

    • Plant perennials purchased in pots using a planting mix
    • Divide and transplant perennials, if necessary with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Place the peony brackets
    • Transplant cold-sensitive vegetables
    • Fertilize with natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Install stakes and supports for climbing fruits and vegetables
    • Transplant your seedlings in the vegetable garden
    • Water new seedlings
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Fertilize foliage by spraying liquid algae
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Treat as needed
    • Make a first mowing at a height of 6-8 cm
    • Leave clippings on lawn (grass cycling)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Sow or install grass sod and lawn seed for shady or sunny locations (note: gluten meal inhibits seed germination)
    • Stubble plough
    • Air every 2 to 3 years
    • Put a soil mixture using sea compost
    • Reassemble and position the water lilies
    • Position the lotuses
    • Clean each plant properly
    • Begin fertilizing water lilies and lotuses when water temperature reaches 10 ° C
    • Start using bacteria when the water temperature reaches 10 ° C
  • June

    June

    Tips and tricks

    • Work and hoe the soil a few days after rain to break the crust; the water will then be better absorbed
    • Weeding is much easier the day after a good rain; the soil is more malleable and the roots are more easily removed

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Spread natural mulch in flowerbeds, around trees and in areas that are more difficult to access
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn at 8 cm in height as needed
    • Practice grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix
    • If necessary, divide and transplant late-flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Divide alpine plants as needed
    • Complete your annuals and summer bulbs with a mix of garden soil and sea compost
    • Fertilize with a soluble bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Water plantings in the garden and in containers
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Water spring bulbs (tulips, daffodils, etc.)
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Plant berries purchased in pots using planting mix and sea compost
    • Transplant sensitive vegetables and herbs
    • Sow and complete your vegetable garden
    • Plant and sow the herbs
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Continue scab treatments
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Top dress using sea compost
    • Sow or lay grass sod using lawn seed for shady or sunny locations
    • Trim the borders of flower beds
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Fertilize water lilies and lotuses
    • Add bacteria once a week

    Work – mid-June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Water plantings in the garden and in containers
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Water spring bulbs
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Perform foliar fertilization with liquid algae
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Start feeding the fish
    • Add bacteria once a week
    • Add floating and oxygenating plants

    Work – end of June

    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Prune evergreens (hedges and shrubs)
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix
    • If necessary, divide and transplant late-flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Water plantings in the garden and in containers
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Water spring bulbs
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using planting mix
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Sow or lay grass sod
    • Trim the borders of flower beds
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Add bacteria once a week
  • July

    July

    Tips and tricks

    • To increase the production of your herbs, harvest them frequently in small doses
    • No need to wait until the fall to start harvesting your herbs for preservation
    • Regularly harvest snow peas, beans, zucchini, cucumbers and cherry tomatoes to increase their production

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn at 8 cm in height as needed
    • Practice grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of July

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens bought in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Perform a maintenance pruning as needed
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Fertilize rosebushes with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Plant perennials purchased in pots with planting mix on a cloudy day and water thoroughly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have already flowered
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flowering
    • Fertilize with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squashes, tomatoes and leeks with a natural vegetable and fruit fertilizer
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Hang red balls covered with glue to trap the apple maggot (at eye level)
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-July

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens bought in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Irrigate evergreens and evergreen plants
    • Perform maintenance pruning as needed
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials purchased in pots with planting mix on a cloudy day and water thoroughly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that has already flowered
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flowering
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Nip tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of July

    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flowering
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stem tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries and raspberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Reseed snap peas, spinach, winter radish, lettuce and kale
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • August

    August

    Tips and tricks

    • Sow winter vegetables such as carrots, turnips, radishes, spinach and lettuce
    • Place a wooden board under your creeping vegetables to protect them from pests and rot
    • It is not necessary to wait until late in the fall to start harvesting and preserving herbs.
    • To keep unwanted animals out of the garden, apply small amounts of ground meal, hair or animal hair or chicken manure around plants and between rows.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Open new flower beds
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Mow the lawn regularly at about 8 to 10 cm in height
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season

    Work – beginning of August

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrubbery hedges
    • Prune flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Remove wilted flowers from rosebushes
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials purchased in container with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have already flowered
    • Fertilize with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squashes, tomatoes and leeks with a natural vegetable and fruit fertilizer
    • Nip the tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils. Treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-August

    • Irrigate evergreens and evergreen plants
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide using a planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Check climbers’ supports
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Remove tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Sow spinach, radishes and lettuce for fall harvest
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Reseed, sow, or lay grass sod
    • Check for signs of white grubs that are preparing for spawning
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds from sprouting
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of August

    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move the peonies
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Plan the purchase of your spring flowering bulbs
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Divide and transplant strawberry plants
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Remove the raspberry stems that have borne fruit
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Install protective nets against birds (cherry and vine)
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Apply fertilizer. (We recommend Passion Jardins mineral lawn fertilizer Step # 3)
    • Reseed, sow, using seed for sun or shade
    • Put grass sod
    • Treat with nematodes when there are white grubs
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • September

    September

    Tips and tricks

    • When there is a risk of ground frost (occasional at this time of year) water your garden abundantly in the evening. A protective screen will be formed around the plants that will reduce the damage caused by the cold.
    • Take advantage of the fall sales by visiting your nearest Passion Jardins garden center.
    • Start cleaning your garden tools before winter storage.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Spread 3 to 5 cm of sea compost in the flowerbeds
    • Mulch new plantings with cedar mulch
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season
    • Drain the garden irrigation system at the end of September

    Work – beginning of September

    • Plant, divide, or transplant purchased perennials with planting mix on a cloudy day. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Fertilize with mineral fertilizer for flowering
    • Water the annuals in pots
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the side shoots and the tomato flowers
    • Securely tie the tomatoes to their support
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Stop feeding the fish
    • Stop fertilization and bacteria
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants

    Work – mid-September

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune hedges and shrubs (except those that flower very early in the spring)
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Set back perennials as needed
    • Plant, divide, or transplant purchased perennials with planting mix on a cloudy day. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Water the annuals in pots
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers and withered annuals
    • Plant fall annuals such as chrysanthemums and decorative cabbages
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Set back the canes of the raspberries that have borne fruit
    • Plant or divide strawberries
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the side shoots and the tomato flowers
    • Plant the leeks for a spring harvest
    • Plant the garlic
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Weed the base
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump

    Work – end of September

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune hedges and shrubs (except those that flower very early in the spring)
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Cut wilted flowers and foliage
    • Divide and transplant as needed with planting mix
    • Set back irises, daylilies and plantain lilies
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers and withered annuals
    • Buy and plant spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove and put non-hardy bulbs indoors
    • Harvest most fragile vegetables in the cold
    • Harvest fresh herbs for preservation
    • Protect more resistant vegetables from nocturnal frosts
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease height and frequency of mowing and watering
    • Repair damaged areas, re-seed existing lawns or sow new plots using lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Compost floating plants
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Move the water lilies to the deepest section of the basin
    • Winterize fragile lotus and plants indoors
    • Install a net to prevent leaves from falling into the pond
  • October

    October

    Tips and tricks

    Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To facilitate the installation of winter protection, install stakes and snow fences before the ground freezes.
    • Avoid completely setting back the foliage of perennials, cut only the flower stems. The foliage will allow the accumulation of snow at the foot of the plants in winter. Under a cover of snow, the roots of perennials better tolerate the variations of temperature.
    • The garden soil should not be deeply worked, because micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought.
    • Caution! late planting of spring bulbs will result in late flowering in the spring.

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves
    • Improve flowerbeds and vegetable garden with sea compost
    • Close the irrigation system at the beginning of the month
    • Check the weather to know the weather conditions and the risk of ground frost
    • Water and mix the domestic compost

    Work – October

    • Install the posts for winter protection before freezing
    • Install protective nets for evergreens
    • Set back and earth up the non-hardy roses
    • Tie shrubs, roses and evergreens
    • Water coniferous and evergreen shrubs abundantly.
    • Spread sea compost at the base
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings with a white plastic spiral
    • Perform a final pruning if needed (maple and birch)
    • Make the last plantings or transplants (when the leaves have fallen) using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune clematis and climbers as needed
    • Check the strength of the guardians for climbers
    • Set back floral stems (except grasses)
    • Prune foliage of irises, daylilies and plantain lilies
    • Weed and hoe one last time
    • Transplant and divide before the first frosts
    • Plant spring flowering bulbs
    • Empty the pots and prepare your winter arrangements
    • Remove the last annuals from the flowerbeds
    • Remove and store non-hardy bulbs
    • Harvest the last vegetables and herbs
    • Mulch the vegetables and berries that are left in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.) with cedar mulch.
    • Tie the raspberry stems
    • Spread 5 cm of sea compost all over the vegetable garden
    • Hoe the surface
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruit
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Make a last mowing at 5 cm height
    • Repair damaged areas with lawn seeds for sun or shade
    • Practice grass cycling
    • Remove the protective net before the risk of frost
    • Collect leaves in surfaces
    • Install fish aerators
    • Clean and turn off the pump
    • Add water as needed
    • Lower the hardy plants at the bottom of the basin
  • November

    November

    Tips and tricks

    Warning! Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To prevent burns and frost damage, winter protection should not touch plant foliage and stem
    • Snow is a natural insulator that protects plants from winter climatic variations. Under the snow, the temperature remains stable so it is recommended to install the winter protection such as canvases, jutes and rosebush cones after a good snowfall.

    General maintenance

    • Clean, disinfect and store tools
    • Pick up the last leaves
    • Water and mix domestic compost

    Work – November

    • Install winter protection after a good snowfall
    • Place rosebush cones after a good snowfall
    • Gather snow at the foot of evergreens
    • Install protective nets for evergreens
    • Prune maple and birch
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Water evergreen evergreens and shrubs
    • Tie grasses
    • Protect fragile perennials with cedar mulch when the ground is frozen
    • Clean and store unused pots in winter
    • Plant the spring flowering bulbs (at the beginning of the month)
    • Mulch the vegetables and berries that are left in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.) with cedar mulch.
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruit
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the last dead leaves
    • Make a last mowing at 5 cm
    • Check the operation of the aerator for fish
    • Collect leaves on the surface before freezing
  • April

    April

    Tips and tricks

    • Prune the roses by ideally favoring a bud that points outwards to allow light to enter and for better ventilation
    • Let the snow melt naturally
    • The garden soil should not be deeply worked, because micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought
    • If you want to walk around on the lawn or in the flowerbeds and the soil is still too wet, use wooden planks, the weight will be better distributed so less compaction

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves on the ground and in flowerbeds
    • Have a soil analysis done and correct if necessary
    • Clean and prepare gardening tools
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Remove winter screens, snow fences and rosebush cones
    • Visit your nearest Passion Jardins garden center at the beginning of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products
    • Loosen the soil and add sea compost to the flowerbeds and around the plants
    • Securely attach supports and stakes for climbers
    • Add cedar mulch in and around flowerbeds to maintain good moisture

    Work – beginning of April

    • If necessary, apply dormancy oil to control winter insects (crab apples, roses, plum trees, etc.
    • Untie shrubs
    • Cut dead, broken or diseased limbs
    • Repair sections damaged by frost and snow
    • If rose bushes have been pitted with planting mix or compost, remove immediately once thawed and spread around seedlings
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses
    • Prepare the peony brackets
    • Roll ground covering plants
    • Prune the vines before the buds break
    • Make indoor seedlings of edible flowers, some vegetables (sweet peppers, tomatoes, eggplants) and herbs
    • Set back the raspberry plants that produced the previous summer
    • For earlier flowering, start in summer pots such as cannas, tuberous begonias, dahlias, crocosmias, sword lilies, etc.
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements
    • Sow inside a few annuals like cosmos, impatiens, zinnias and snapdragons
    • Apply a mixture of dormancy oil and sulfur spray
    • Prune side shoots and suckers
    • Prepare the mower and border trimmer

    Work – mid-April

    • Transplant before bud break with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • If necessary, apply sulphurous spray to prevent fungal diseases such as scab and white grubs (crab apple, rose, plum, etc.)
    • Perform maintenance pruning on summer flowering shrubs, shrub roses, and hardwood hedges as needed
    • Prune alders, oaks, honey locusts, ash trees, beeches, hydrangea, mountain ash and linden trees before bud break
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • If rose bushes have been pitted with a soil mixture or compost, remove immediately once thawed and spread around seedlings
    • Buy and plant bare root roses using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Straighten and tie climbers
    • Redefine border of flower beds
    • Prune dried aerial parts of perennials and grasses
    • Prepare the peony brackets
    • Roll ground covering plants
    • Set back the raspberry plants that produced the previous summer
    • Divide and transplant perennial herbs into a planting mix and sea compost
    • Clean decorative pots for future floral arrangements
    • Prepare the mower and border trimmer
    • Delicately rake when the snow is melted
    • Remove leaves and waste from the surface of the water
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the basin
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly

    Work – end of April

    • Sow broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, peas and radishes on the outside and set back the raspberry plants that produced the previous summer.
    • Prepare planting areas by hoeing on the surface and incorporating sea compost
    • Divide and transplant perennial herbs using a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Plant some violets in the garden, they love the cold
    • Buy cleaning products for the season
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the pool
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae or other from the surface of the water and at the bottom of the basin
    • Clean the border plants
  • May

    May

    Tips and tricks

    • The lily leaf beetles are back, remove them by hand or use neem oil (Neem); monitor the appearance of their little scarlet eggs under the leaves
    • Do not water your lawn too early, the roots will be much deeper and more drought-resistant
    • Gradually put your houseplants outdoors at the end of the month

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Open new flower beds
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Loosen the soil and add sea compost to the flowerbeds and around the plants
    • Securely attach supports and stakes for climbers
    • Add cedar mulch in and around flower beds to maintain good moisture
    • Visit the nearest Passion Jardins garden center at the beginning of the season to learn about new plant trends and new products

    Work – beginning of May

    • Plant perennials purchased in pots using a planting mix
    • Divide and transplant perennials, if necessary with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Cover the foot of clematis with cedar mulch
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Start preventive treatments against apple scab
    • Prune the fruit before the bud break
    • Weed and spread compost and mulch at the base
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds such as crabgrass and dandelion, germinate (caution: gluten meal inhibits germination of grass seed)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Remove leaves and waste from the surface of the water
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones at the edge of the pool
    • Check that the pump and the equipment are working properly

    Work – mid-May

    • Plant garlic and onion bulbs
    • Make small fruit and vegetable purchases at your nearest Passion Jardins garden center and plant after the last frost
    • Water new seedlings
    • Make a first mowing at a height of 6-8 cm
    • Leave clippings on lawn (grass cycling)
    • Sow or install grass sod and use lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations (note: gluten meal inhibits seed germination)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Stubble plough
    • Air every 2 to 3 years
    • Put soil mixture with sea compost
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using planting mix and sea compost
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Treat as needed
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the pond, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Adjust the water to the correct height
    • Turn on the basin

    Work – end of May

    • Transplant cold-sensitive vegetables
    • Fertilize with natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Install stakes and supports for climbing fruits and vegetables
    • Transplant your seedlings to the vegetable garden
    • Water new seedlings
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Fertilize foliage by spraying liquid algae
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Treat as needed
    • Make a first mowing at a height of 6-8 cm
    • Leave clippings on lawn (grass cycling)
    • Repair damaged areas with all-purpose seeds
    • Sow or install grass sod and lawn seed for shady or sunny locations (note: gluten meal inhibits seed germination)
    • Stubble plough
    • Air every 2 to 3 years
    • Put soil mixture using sea compost
    • Reassemble and position the water lilies
    • Position the lotuses
    • Properly clean each plant
    • Begin fertilizing water lilies and lotuses when water temperature reaches 10 ° C
    • Start using bacteria when the water temperature reaches 10 ° C
  • June

    June

    Tips and tricks

    • Work and hoe the soil a few days after the rain to break the crust; the water will then be better absorbed
    • Weeding is much easier the day after a good rain; the soil is more malleable and the roots are more easily removed

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Spread natural mulch in flowerbeds, around trees and in areas that are more difficult to access
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn to 8 cm in height as needed
    • Perform grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix
    • Divide and transplant late-summer flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Divide alpine plants
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Complete your plantings of annuals and summer bulbs
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Water spring bulbs
    • Plant berries purchased in pots using planting mix and sea compost and transplant cold-sensitive vegetables
    • Sow and complete your vegetable garden
    • Plant and sow the herbs
    • Attach the climbers securely
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Perform a foliar fertilization with liquid algae
    • Continue scab treatments
    • Weed the base
    • Monitor insect pests such as caterpillars and weevils
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Fertilize water lilies and lotuses
    • Add bacteria once a week

    Work – mid-June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreen
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix
    • Divide and transplant late-summer flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Install stakes for tall perennials
    • Fertilize with mineral fertilizer for flowering
    • Fertilize with soluble bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Water your plantings in the garden and in containers
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Water spring bulbs
    • Sow or install grass sod using lawn seed for shady or sunny locations
    • Trim the borders of flower beds
    • Start feeding the fish
    • Add bacteria once a week
    • Add floating and oxygenating plants

    Work – end of June

    • Prune shrubs with summer flowering or decorative foliage, as well as miniature shrubs and climbing shrubs
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix
    • Prune shrub hedges
    • Prune spring flowering shrubs (forsythias, lilacs, magnolias, spring spirae) after flowering
    • Remove suckers at the foot of trees
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune evergreens (hedges and shrubs)
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrub roses after flowering to stimulate a second flowering
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers using planting mix.
    • Divide and transplant late-summer flowering perennials with a mixture of garden soil and sea compost
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Remove yellow foliage from some bulbs
    • Water spring bulbs
    • Water your plantings in the garden and in containers
    • Remove wilting flowers
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest radishes, lettuce and spinach
    • Remove tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Irrigate as needed (especially in times of drought)
    • Remove debris from dead leaves, algae, etc. at the bottom of the basin, in the stream, and in the waterfall
    • Add water as needed
    • Add bacteria once a week
    • Clean the pump and its accessories
  • July

    July

    Tips and tricks

    • To increase the production of your herbs, harvest them frequently in small doses
    • No need to wait until the fall to start harvesting your herbs for preservation
    • Regularly harvest snow peas, beans, zucchini, cucumbers and cherry tomatoes to increase their production

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe regularly
    • Irrigate as needed, according to municipal restrictions
    • Control insects and diseases
    • Turn the domestic compost and moisten as needed
    • Mow the lawn to 8 cm in height as needed
    • Perform grass cycling (keep cut grass clippings on site)

    Work – beginning of July

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens bought in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Perform maintenance pruning’s as needed
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Fertilize rosebushes with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers with planting mix in cloudy weather and water thoroughly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have already flowered
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flowering
    • Fertilize with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Fertilize annuals with a soluble bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squash, tomatoes and leeks with a natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Nip tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Hang red balls covered with glue to trap the apple maggot (at eye level)
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-July

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens bought in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather and water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Perform maintenance pruning as needed
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials purchased in containers with planting mix in cloudy weather and water thoroughly.
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have already flowered
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flowering
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Nip tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of July

    • Irrigate evergreens and evergreen plants
    • Perform maintenance pruning as needed
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Cut wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune nepetas, campanulas and delphiniums that have already flowered to stimulate a second flower
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest strawberries and raspberries
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Set back snap peas, spinach, winter radish, lettuce and kale
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • August

    August

    Tips and tricks

    • Sow winter vegetables such as carrots, turnips, radishes, spinach and lettuce
    • Place a wooden board under your creeping vegetables to protect them from pests and rot
    • It is not necessary to wait until late in the fall to start harvesting and preserving herbs.
    • To keep unwanted animals out of the garden, apply small amounts of ground meal, hair or animal hair or chicken manure around plants and between rows.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Open new flower beds
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Mow the lawn regularly at about 8 to 10 cm in height
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season

    Work – beginning of August

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrubbery hedges
    • Prune flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Prune cedars and juniper
    • Remove wilted flowers from rosebushes
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials purchased in container with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Prune the ground coverers that have already flowered
    • Fertilize with a mineral bloom boosting fertilizer
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Fertilize squashes, tomatoes and leeks with a natural fruit and vegetable fertilizer
    • Nip tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils. Treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Fertilize aquatic plants (lotus and waterlilies)
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – mid-August

    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide using a planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Stake tall perennials
    • Check climbers’ supports
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Stake climbing vegetables and tomatoes
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Remove tomatoes’ side shoots
    • Sow spinach, radishes and lettuce for fall harvest
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Weed the base
    • Install protective nets against birds
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Reseed, sow, or lay grass sod
    • Check for signs of white grubs preparing for spawning
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired

    Work – end of August

    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Irrigate evergreens
    • Prune the spring-flowering shrubs that have completed their flowering
    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Transplant trees, shrubs and evergreens with a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune shrub roses after flowering
    • Cut the wilted flower
    • Plant perennials (purchased in containers) with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move or divide with planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Move the peonies
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Stake tall bulbs such as dahlias and sword lilies
    • Plan the purchase of your spring flowering bulbs
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables and berries
    • Harvest blueberries
    • Divide and transplant strawberry plants
    • Harvest some fresh herbs
    • Water deeply during drought
    • Remove the raspberry stems that have borne fruit
    • Plant fruit trees purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids or weevils and treat as needed
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Install protective nets against birds (cherry and vine)
    • Irrigate regularly (especially during periods of drought) to prevent pest infestations such as chinch bug and white grub
    • Fertilize with fertilizer. (We recommend Passion Jardins mineral lawn fertilizer Step # 3)
    • Reseed, sow using seed for sun or shade
    • Put grass sod
    • Treat with nematodes when there are white grubs
    • Apply corn gluten meal to prevent weed seeds from sprouting
    • Use bacteria every week
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Feed the fish if desired
  • September

    September

    Tips and tricks

    • When there is a risk of ground frost (occasional at this time of year) water your garden abundantly in the evening. A protective screen will be formed around the plants that will reduce the damage caused by the cold.
    • Take advantage of the fall sales by visiting your nearest Passion Jardins garden center.
    • Start cleaning your garden tools before winter storage.

    General maintenance

    • Weed and hoe
    • Water as needed
    • Spread 3 to 5 cm of sea compost in the flowerbeds
    • Mulch new plantings with cedar mulch
    • Regularly inspect to limit insect infestations and the spread of disease
    • Turn domestic compost to speed decomposition
    • Prepare your houseplants for the fall season
    • Drain the garden irrigation system at the end of September

    Work – beginning of September

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune hedges and shrubs (except those that flower very early in the spring)
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Plant, divide, or transplant purchased perennials with planting mix on a cloudy day. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Check climbers’ supports
    • Water the annuals in pots
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the side shoots and the tomato flowers
    • Securely tie the tomatoes to their support
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Monitor the appearance of caterpillars, aphids and weevils and treat as needed
    • Securely tie the tomatoes to their support
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Clean floating plants
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Stop feeding the fish
    • Stop fertilization and bacteria

    Work – mid-September

    • Set back perennials as needed
    • Plant, divide, or transplant purchased perennials with planting mix on a cloudy day. Water abundantly
    • Cut the wilted flowers
    • Water the annuals in pots
    • Buy your spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove wilted flowers and withered annuals
    • Plant fall annuals such as chrysanthemums and decorative cabbages
    • Harvest and enjoy the freshness of your vegetables
    • Set back the canes of the raspberries that have borne fruit
    • Plant or split strawberries
    • Protect vegetable seedlings from nocturnal frosts
    • Harvest some fresh herbs and prepare the harvest for preservation
    • Nip the side shoots and the tomato flowers
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Weed the base
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease mowing and watering
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Check and clean the pump

    Work – end of September

    • Plant trees, shrubs and evergreens purchased in pots using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix in cloudy weather. Water abundantly
    • Prune hedges and shrubs (except those that flower very early in the spring)
    • Prune cedars and junipers
    • Prune the shrub roses
    • Clean the soil at the foot of the roses to limit the spread of disease
    • Cut wilted flowers and faded foliage
    • Divide and transplant as needed with planting mix
    • Set back irises, daylilies and plantain lilies
    • Prune climbers as needed
    • Monitor the watering
    • Remove wilted flowers and withered annuals
    • Buy and plant spring flowering bulbs
    • Remove and put non-hardy bulbs indoors
    • Harvest cold-sensitive vegetables
    • Harvest fresh herbs for preservation
    • Protect more resistant vegetables from nocturnal frosts
    • Plant the leeks for a spring harvest
    • Plant the garlic
    • Cut the suckers and side shoots at the base
    • Collect fallen fruits
    • Harvest
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Redraw the borders of flower beds
    • Decrease height and frequency of mowing and watering
    • Repair damaged areas, re-seed existing lawns or sow new plots using lawn seeds for shady or sunny locations
    • Clean the waterfall, stream and stones
    • Compost floating plants
    • Remove algae and debris at the bottom and on the surface
    • Clean the border plants
    • Move the water lilies to the deepest section of the basin
    • Winterize fragile lotuses and plants indoors
    • Install a net to prevent leaves from falling into the basin
  • October

    October

    Tips and tricks

    Warning! Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To facilitate the installation of winter protection, install stakes and snow fences before the ground freezes.
    • Avoid completely setting back the foliage of perennials, cut only the flower stems. The foliage will allow the accumulation of snow at the foot of the plants in winter. Under a cover of snow, the roots of perennials tolerate better the variations of temperature.
    • The garden soil should not be deeply worked, because micro-organisms living in the soil die if they are too exposed to the sun and drought.
    • Caution! late planting of spring bulbs will result in late flowering in the spring

    General maintenance

    • Collect dead leaves
    • Improve flowerbeds and vegetable garden with sea compost
    • Close the irrigation system at the beginning of the month
    • Check the weather to know the weather conditions and the risk of ground frost
    • Water and brew home compost

    Work – October

    • Install the posts for winter protection before frosts
    • Install protective nets for evergreens
    • Set back and earth up the non-hardy roses
    • Tie shrubs, roses and evergreens
    • Water coniferous and evergreen shrubs abundantly.
    • Spread sea compost at the base
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings with a white plastic spiral
    • Perform a final pruning if needed (maple and birch)
    • Make the last plantings or transplants (when the leaves have fallen) using a mineral planting fertilizer and planting mix.
    • Prune clematis and climbers as needed
    • Check the strength of the staked for climbers
    • Set back floral stems (except grasses)
    • Prune foliage of irises, daylilies and plantain lilies
    • Weed and hoe one last time
    • Transplant and divide before the first frosts
    • Plant spring flowering bulb
    • Empty the pots and prepare your winter arrangements
    • Remove the last annuals from the flowerbeds
    • Remove and store non-hardy bulbs
    • Harvest the latest vegetables and herbs
    • Mulch the vegetables and berries that are left in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.) with cedar mulch
    • Tie raspberry stems
    • Spread 5 cm of sea compost all over the vegetable garden
    • Hoe on the surface
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruits
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the leaves on the ground
    • Make a last mowing at 5 cm height
    • Repair damaged areas with lawn seeds for sun or shade
    • Practice grass cycling
    • Remove the protective net before the risk of frost
    • Collect leaves in surfaces
    • Install fish aerators
    • Clean and turn off the pump
    • Add water as needed
    • Lower the hardy plants to the bottom of the basin
  • November

    November

    Tips and tricks

    Warning! Watch out for temperature variations for your month’s gardening work.
    • To prevent burns and frost damage, winter protection should not touch plant foliage and stems.
    • Snow is a natural insulator that protects plants from winter climatic variations. Under the snow, the temperature remains stable so it is recommended to install the winter protection such as canvases, jutes and rosebush cones after a good snowfall.

    General maintenance

    • Clean, disinfect and store tools
    • Pick up the last leaves
    • Water and mix domestic compost

    Work – November

    • Install winter protection after a good snowfall
    • Place rosebush cones after a good snowfall
    • Gather snow at the foot of evergreens
    • Install protective nets for evergreens
    • Prune maple and birch
    • Protect the trunks of young plantings against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Water evergreen evergreens and shrubs
    • Tie grasses
    • Protect fragile perennials with cedar mulch when the ground is frozen
    • Clean and store unused pots in winter
    • Plant the spring flowering bulbs (at the beginning of the month)
    • Mulch the vegetables and berries that are left in the garden during the winter (strawberries, leeks, onions, garlic, etc.) with cedar mulch.
    • Collect dead leaves and fallen fruits
    • Protect the trunk against rodents using a white plastic spiral
    • Remove the traps installed in the spring
    • Pick up the last dead leaves
    • Make a last mowing at 5 cm
    • Check the operation of the aerator for the fish
    • Collect leaves on the surface before freezing